CBD, or cannabidiol, is quickly changing the debate surrounding the use of marijuana as a medicine. Most people have heard of a chemical called THC, which is the ingredient in marijuana that gets users high. But recently, attention has shifted to another compound in marijuana called CBD — and for good reason. Because while doctors can’t seem to look past certain side effects of THC, CBD doesn’t appear to present that problem. On the other hand, evidence of CBD’s medical benefits continues to grow.
Here are five facts that you should know about this unique compound.
1. CBD is a key ingredient in cannabis
CBD is one of over 60 compounds found in cannabis that belong to a class of molecules called cannabinoids. Of these compounds, CBD and THC are usually present in the highest concentrations, and are therefore the most recognized and studied. CBD and THC levels tend to vary among different plants. Marijuana grown for recreational purposes often contains more THC than CBD. However, by using selective breeding techniques, cannabis breeders have managed to create varieties with high levels of CBD and next to zero levels of THC. These strains are rare but have become more popular in recent years.
2. CBD is non-psychoactive
Unlike THC, CBD does not cause a high. While this makes CBD a poor choice for recreational users, it gives the chemical a significant advantage as a medicine, since health professionals prefer treatments with minimal side effects. CBD is non-psychoactive because it does not act on the same pathways as THC. These pathways, called CB1 receptors, are highly concentrated in the brain and are responsible for the mind-altering effects of THC. A 2011 review published in Current Drug Safety concludes that CBD “does not interfere with several psychomotor and psychological functions.” The authors add that several studies suggest that CBD is “well tolerated and safe” even at high doses.
3. CBD has a wide range of medical benefits
Although CBD and THC act on different pathways of the body, they seem to have many of the same medical benefits. According to a 2013 review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, studies have found CBD to possess the following medical properties:
Unfortunately, most of this evidence comes from animals, since very few studies on CBD have been carried out in human patients. But a pharmaceutical version of CBD was recently developed by a drug company based in the UK. The company, GW Pharmaceuticals, is now funding clinical trials on CBD as a treatment for schizophrenia and certain types of epilepsy. Likewise, a team of researchers at the California Pacific Medical Center, led by Dr. Sean McAllister, has stated that they hope to begin trials on CBD as a breast cancer therapy.
4. CBD reduces the negative effects of THC
CBD seems to offer natural protection against the marijuana high. Numerous studiessuggest that CBD acts to reduce the intoxicating effects of THC, such as memory impairment and paranoia. CBD also appearsto counteract the sleep-inducing effects of THC, which may explain why some strains of cannabis are known to increase alertness. Both CBD and THC have been found to present no risk of lethal overdose. However, to reduce potential side effects, medical users may be better off using cannabis with higher levels of CBD.
5. CBD may be illegal in some States.
Even though CBD shows much promise as a medicine, it remains illegal in many parts of the world. CBD is classified as a Schedule I drug in the United States and a Schedule II drug in Canada. On Dec. 14 2016, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) made it clear that any marijuana-based extract is considered a Schedule I drug under federal law, including CBD oils and other types of CBD-rich extracts. On the other hand, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently approved a request to trial a pharmaceutical version of CBD in children with rare forms of epilepsy. The drug is made by GW Pharmaceuticals and is called Epidiolex.
According to the company, the drug consists of “more than 98 percent CBD, trace quantities of some other cannabinoids, and zero THC.” GW Pharmaceuticals makes another cannabis-based drug called Sativex, which has been approved in over 24 countries for treating multiple sclerosis.
Cannabis oil has been on the minds of men with prostate cancer. It seems that many people want to know if cannabis oil can cure prostate cancer. If you ask any man who has used cannabis oil for prostate cancer and had his cancer go in remission, the answer is yes. If you ask a scientist, the answer will be that there is not a lot of data on the medical uses of cannabis oil. Read on to learn more about this alternative treatment for prostate cancer. ALWAYS CHECK WITH YOUR DOCTOR PRIOR TO CONSIDERING ANY ALTERNATEVE CHOICES FOR WELLNESS
WHAT IS CBD OIL?
Cannabis oil comes from Cannabis sativa, a plant that has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. This plant goes by many names, such as marijuana, hemp, or cannabis. Scientists have discovered in cannabis 66 biologically active components that are called cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are a group of compounds found in Cannabis species (Cannabis sativa L. and Cannabis indica Lam.). The most powerful cannabinoid is thought to be the chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, otherwise known as THC. Other substances in the plant are also being studied for their medical benefits. Cannabinoids may have benefits in the treatment of cancer-related side effects. Hemp generally refers to the stalks and sterilized seeds, which have a much lower concentration of THC, and hempseed oil is more of a health food.
Can Cannabis Oil Cure Prostate Cancer?
What proponents like about cannabis oil is that it is a natural treatment that does not seem to cause harm to other cells in the body and is better tolerated than chemotherapy. Unfortunately there are few reputable US studies on Cannabis for treating humans for prostate cancer. There is plenty of anecdotal evidence however of cannabis oil shrinking prostate cancer tumors while reducing pain, eliminating insomnia, and helping the patients have a general sense of well-being.
There are many stories of people who have used cannabis oil to shrink prostate cancer tumors, and many of the people had success combining the oil with traditional therapies to fight their cancer. The problem with getting hard data and studies is that some United States laws make it challenging for clinical studies on the marijuana plant to take place. Plus, there seems to be a lack of funding for the research. The studies that have taken place tend to focus on symptoms (such as pain relief and nausea) rather than the efficacy of the cannabis oil to shrink cancer tumors.
Cannabis oil contains cannabinoids. The potential benefits of cannabis oil is for relieving prostate cancer are shrinking tumors, pain relief, improved sleep, and and over feeling of well-being. Doctors who prescribe or recommend cannabis to cancer patients most commonly to do so for symptom management.
Are There Any Facts Showing Cannabis Works?
There are limited studies on medical uses for the cannabis plant. Most of the research involves cannabinoids, including THC, and not the low-THC hemp seed oil. In 1997, the US Government authorized an in-depth investigation into the medical use of marijuana. The Office of National Drug Control Policy commissioned the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to study the risks and health benefits of marijuana. The IOM offered several conclusions regarding the usefulness of medical marijuana.
According to the IOM, scientific data shows that cannabinoids, THC in particular, have some potential to relieve pain, control nausea and vomiting, and stimulate appetite. The effect of cannabinoids on the immune system is not clear. The research found that the reduced anxiety, sedation, and euphoria from cannabinoids could help certain patients and situations, but this could be distressing for others.
The researchers reviewed many studies and found that smoking marijuana delivers harmful substances and could increase lung diseases and certain types of cancer. Because marijuana contains many active compounds, the drug cannot provide precise effects unless they isolate individual components. In recent discussions, scientists reported that THC and other cannabinoids such as CBD (cannabidiol) can kill or slow the growth of certain cancer cells growing in laboratory dishes. Some studies involving animals also suggest certain cannabinoids may slow growth and reduce spread of some forms of cancer. The problem is that these substances have not been tested in humans. At this time there is not any scientific evidence from US controlled studies in humans that cannabinoids can cure or treat cancer in people.
In 2008, a team of scientists in a combined effort between Spain, France, and Italy conducted laboratory tests that they published in The Journal Of Clinical Investigation. The researchers showed THC as a cure for brain cancer as well as had the ability to terminate other cancer cells in the body. They found that THC inhibits cell death and tumor metastasis while not affecting and maybe even protecting normal cells.
FOOD & DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) DISCLOSURE
These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These products and statements are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. FDA warns companies marketing unproven products, derived from marijuana, that claim to treat or cure cancerPLEASE CHECK WITH YOUR DOCTOR PRIOR TO USING OUR PRODUCTS. OUR PRODUCTS ARE NOT CURES FOR ILLNESSES. PLEASE CHECK WITH YOUR DOCTOR TODAY!
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